WV: Devil Anse Hatfield dies on 6 Jan 1921

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CaptionAnderson “Devil Anse” Hatfield (1839-1921).
Courtesy Of WV State Archives (WVSA)

On January 6, 1921, Devil Anse Hatfield passed away in his home from pneumonia.

This blog compiles some bio data, newspaper articles about his death and some photos from the web. At the very end of the blog is his draft registration card as well as documentation from his time in the Civil War.

According to e-WV:

https://www.wvencyclopedia.org/articles/278

Feudist Anderson ‘‘Devil Anse’’ Hatfield (September 9, 1839-January 6, 1921) was patriarch of the Hatfield family and their leader during the Hatfield-McCoy feud. He was born in present Mingo County. He married Levicy Chafin in 1861, and they had 13 children. Hatfield fought for the South in the Civil War, serving in the Logan Wildcats, an irregular group, and in the regular Virginia infantry. He deserted the infantry in 1863.

Hatfield was an imposing figure, six feet tall or taller. Military records describe him as having dark hair, dark eyes, and a dark complexion, and for most of his life he wore a full, dark beard. He was an outdoorsman and an avid bear hunter. His name is usually given as William Anderson Hatfield in the secondary sources, but he consistently used just Anderson. Various stories account for his colorful nickname, which distinguished him from cousin Anderson ‘‘Preacher Anse’’ Hatfield.

The Logan Wildcats were suspected in the 1865 murder of Kentuckian Harmon McCoy, a Union army veteran and brother of McCoy patriarch Randolph McCoy. Hatfield’s uncle, Jim Vance, was a more likely culprit in this than Hatfield himself. Likewise, Hatfield had no personal involvement in a famous 1878 hog-stealing incident and trial. In 1880, he led the armed party rescuing son Johnse Hatfield from the brothers of Rose Anna McCoy. He took a decisive role in the bloody events of 1882, when brother Ellison Hatfield was mortally wounded in a drunken election-day brawl and three sons of Randolph McCoy were killed in retaliation. Hatfield was the leader in this decision and likely took part in the killings. Indicted in the crime, he was never tried.

Hatfield instigated but did not take part in the January 1, 1888, nighttime raid on the McCoy cabin. Calvin and Alifair, Randolph McCoy’s grown children, were killed in the New Year’s raid, and their mother, Sarah, bludgeoned. This atrocity brought matters to a head, putting the Hatfields on the defensive for the remainder of the conflict. Eventually four Hatfield sons and others were indicted for the cabin raid, and their cousin, Ellison Mounts, was hanged. This ended the family war.

Hatfield identified himself as a farmer to census takers and military recruiters, and he worked at farming and logging. In fact, he was a major property owner and increasingly a man of affairs as his many sons took up the physical work of the family. Troubled as the feud wore on, he interspersed attempts at peacemaking with continued aggression. He relished his growing celebrity, making himself available to the press and the public. Certain interviews of his, particularly with the Wheeling Intelligencer and with New York World reporter T. C. Crawford, helped to sensationalize the vendetta.

Devil Anse Hatfield lived many years after the feud. He was baptized by his old friend, preacher ‘‘Uncle Dyke’’ Garrett, in 1911. He is buried under a life-size statue of himself in Logan County.

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The Courier-Journal
Louisville, Kentucky
08 Jan 1921, Sat  •  Page 3
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Wikipedia: The Hatfield Clan of the Hatfield-McCoy-feud.
The picture was taken in 1897
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Shepherdstown Register
Shepherdstown, West Virginia
20 Jan 1921, Thu  •  Page 3
Photo By Brian M. Powell, CC BY-SA 3.0
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The Owensboro Messenger
Owensboro, Kentucky
08 Jan 1921, Sat  •  Page 1
Related image
This photo id from about 1910
Devil Anse looks like he’s better prepared to fight Mexican revolutionaries than McCoys.
Coleman C. Hatfield Collection, F. Keith Davis.
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The Courier-Journal
Louisville, Kentucky
10 Jan 1921, Mon  •  Page 1
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News-Democrat
Paducah, Kentucky
09 Jan 1921, Sun  •  Page 1
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The Times Dispatch
Richmond, Virginia
10 Jan 1921, Mon  •  Page 5
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The Courier-Journal
Louisville, Kentucky
03 Jan 1921, Mon  •  Page 2
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Shepherdstown Register
Shepherdstown, West Virginia
14 Apr 1921, Thu  •  Page 7
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Shepherdstown Register
Shepherdstown, West Virginia
17 Mar 1921, Thu  •  Page 6
Deaths of Hatfield family in the Beckley Post-Herald -

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