History: Women’s History Month 31 Women Who Inspire Me #2018 Part 3 of 3

This is part three of my 31 inspirational women that I read more about during Women In History Month (March 2018).  If there is a woman who inspires you, please let me know.  I am always looking for reading material on impactful women who make a difference.

It was my goal to stay away from the easy ones and to find women who are not necessarily honored on the regular.  There were a few across the month that are high on the popularity list but some – some made you think about it.  I will make it a point from now until next March to be on the lookout for women that make me think, “wow, she is badass” and I will recognize them!

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Emma “Grandma” Gatewood FB Post: Today’s Woman In History: Emma Gatewood (1887-1993)

Emma told her family she was going on a walk and left her small Ohio hometown with a change of clothes and less than two hundred dollars. The next anybody heard from her, this genteel, farm-reared, sixty-seven-year-old great-grandmother had walked 800 miles along the 2,050-mile Appalachian Trail. By September 1955 she stood atop Maine’s Mount Katahdin, sang “America, the Beautiful,” and proclaimed, “I said I’ll do it, and I’ve done it.”
Driven by a painful marriage, Grandma Gatewood not only hiked the trail alone, she was the first person—man or woman—to walk it twice and three times. At age seventy-one, she hiked the 2,000-mile Oregon Trail. Gatewood became a hiking celebrity, and appeared on TV with Groucho Marx and Art Linkletter. The public attention she brought to the trail was unprecedented. Her vocal criticism of the lousy, difficult stretches led to bolstered maintenance, and very likely saved the trail from extinction.  In reading an article on her, I see that she passed away in Galipolis. How is she not a more celebrated local person??

Additional Reading/Video:

http://www.appalachianhistory.net/2012/05/emma-gatewood-67-walks-appalachian.html

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Amelia Bloomer FB Post: Today’s Woman In History: Amelia Bloomer (1818-1894). If you’re female and wearing pants right now, you can thank Amelia Bloomer. The eponymous Bloomer was not the first to wear the balloon-like trousers that cinched at the ankles, but she advocated wearing them, wrote about wearing them, and wore them herself. The press assigned these ridiculous firsts of the female pant world the name Bloomers.
Bloomerism – fashion not only changes lives, it changes history. Library of Congress.  Bloomers became popular because Bloomer and her friends (whom she had met at the Women’s Rights Convention in Seneca Falls, New York, in 1848) started wearing them. Bloomers were more practical than the fashion of the time: heavy skirts, petticoats and whalebone corsets. Also, it’s much easier to ride a bicycle and keep your modesty with pants underneath your multiple skirts.  Bloomer became known as an advocate for rational dress reform and is proof that fashion not only changes lives, it also changes history.  These women are a mere quintet who, by refusing to play by the rules that society handed to them, forever altered the course of history.

Additional Reading/Video:

https://www.nwhm.org/education-resources/biographies/amelia-bloomer

https://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/bloomer

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(2): Amelia and Irene Curie  FB Post: Today’s Women In History: Marie and Irene Curie.  Marie Skłodowska Curie (1867-1934) was a Polish and naturalized-French physicist and chemist who conducted pioneering research on radioactivity. She was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize, the first person and only woman to win twice, the only person to win a Nobel Prize in two different sciences.  Irène Joliot-Curie was a French scientist, the daughter of Marie Curie and Pierre Curie and the wife of Frédéric Joliot-Curie. Jointly with her husband, Joliot-Curie was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1935 for their discovery of artificial radioactivity. This made the Curies the family with the most Nobel laureates to date.

Additional Reading/Video:

https://www.britannica.com/biography/Marie-Curie

https://www.biography.com/people/marie-curie-9263538

https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1935/joliot-curie-bio.html

https://www.britannica.com/biography/Irene-Joliot-Curie

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Anna Marie Jarvis FB Post: Today’s Woman In History: Anna Marie Jarvis (1864-1948), a West Virginian. The American incarnation of Mother’s Day was created by Anna Jarvis in 1908 and became an official U.S. holiday in 1914. Jarvis would later denounce the holiday’s commercialization and spent the latter part of her life trying to remove it from the calendar.

Additional Reading/Video:

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Patti Smith FB Post: Today’s Woman In History: The Godmother of Punk music, Patricia Lee “Patti” Smith (born December 30, 1946) is an American singer-songwriter, poet, and visual artist who became an influential component of the New York City punk rock movement with her 1975 debut album Horses. Called the “punk poet laureate”, Smith fused rock and poetry in her work.

Additional Reading/Video:

https://www.biography.com/people/patti-smith-9487150

 

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Billie Jean King FB Post: Today’s Woman In History is: Billie Jean King. She is is an American former World No.1 professional tennis player. She won 39 Grand Slam titles:12 in singles,16 in women’s doubles, and 11 in mixed doubles. King won the singles title at the inaugural WTA Tour Championships. King often represented the United States in the Federation Cup and the Wightman Cup. She was a member of the victorious United States team in seven Federation Cups and nine Wightman Cups. For three years, King was the United States’ captain in the Federation Cup.

Additional Reading/Video:

https://www.billiejeanking.com/

She famously beat Bobby Riggs in 1973 for a $100,000 prize in “The Battle of the sexes” after he said to her that men were superior athletes.

https://www.biography.com/people/billie-jean-king-9364876

https://www.espn.com/sportscentury/features/00016060.html

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Dorothy Hodgkin FB Post: Women In History: Dorothy Mary Crowfoot Hodgkin OM FRS FRIC (1910-1994) was a British chemist who developed protein crystallography, for which she won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1964. She advanced the technique of X-ray crystallography, a method used to determine the three-dimensional structures of crystals. Among her most influential discoveries are the confirmation of the structure of penicillin as previously surmised by Edward Abraham and Ernst Boris Chain, and the structure of vitamin B₁₂, for which she became the third woman to win the Nobel Prize in Chemistry.

Additional Reading/Video:

https://www.britannica.com/biography/Dorothy-Hodgkin

https://www.nobelprize.org/…/laur…/1964/hodgkin-bio.html

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Marlene Sanders FB Post: Today’s Woman In History: Marlene Sanders (1931-2015) was the first woman to anchor a network evening newscast in 1964 when she filled in for Ron Cochran. She reported from Vietnam in 1966 and later became the first woman to be a vice president at ABC News, where she was head of the network’s documentary unit.

 
Additional Reading/Video:
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Annie Leibovitz FB Post: Woman In History: Annie Leibovitz (1949-) is an American portrait photographer. She photographed John Lennon on the day he was assassinated, and her work has been used on numerous album covers and magazines.

Additional Reading/Video:
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Tammy Duckworth FB Post: Woman in history: Tammy Duckworth (1968-) is an American politician and retired U.S. Army Lieutenant Colonel, serving as the junior United States Senator for Illinois since 2017. A member of the Democratic Party, she earlier represented Illinois’ 8th district for two terms (2013–2017) in the United States House of Representatives. Before election to office, she served as Assistant Secretary for Public and Intergovernmental Affairs in the United States Department of Veterans Affairs (2009–2011), and she was the Director of the Illinois Department of Veterans Affairs (2006–2009). In the 2016 election, Duckworth defeated incumbent Republican Senator Mark Kirk for the seat in the United States Senate.

Additional Reading/Video:

2 replies »

    • Thank you so much for your comment. I have talked about Grandma Gatewood on more than one occasion with friends. I know I saw a plaque around the Hocking Hills trails that was dedicated to her. I am hoping to return there this summer to hike and find the plaque. I am also hoping to find the house she lived in around Gallipolis (I live less than a half hour away from there).

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